Karnataka has generated 14153.79 MU of solar power in 2022-23, second highest in India.
The renewable energy sector in India has achieved yet another significant milestone in its journey towards sustainability. As of June 30, 2023, the cumulative solar power capacity installed across the country has reached an impressive 70,096 MW, according to the Union Minister for New & Renewable Energy and Power. This remarkable achievement not only highlights India’s commitment to clean and sustainable energy but also signifies its growing prowess in harnessing the power of the sun to meet its energy needs.
Karnataka’s Abundant Solar Resources
Karnataka, often referred to as the “Silicon Valley of India,” is not only a leader in technology and innovation but also a frontrunner in harnessing the power of the sun for its energy needs. This southern state is abundantly blessed with solar resources, and its commitment to solar energy has not only complemented conventional energy sources but has also paved the way for a greener and more sustainable future.
Solar Potential in Karnataka: A Natural Advantage
Karnataka’s geographical location between 11°40′ and 18°27′ north latitude places it within the solar belt, an area known for its rich solar radiation. With approximately 240 to 300 sunny days annually and an impressive solar radiation range of 5.4 to 6.4 kWh/m²/day, Karnataka boasts an ideal environment for solar energy generation. This unique blend of geography and climate sets the stage for the state’s impressive solar energy potential.
Pioneering Solar Initiatives
Karnataka has a history of being at the forefront of solar energy adoption in India. It earned the distinction of being the first Indian state to commission a 3 MW capacity utility-scale solar project back on December 27, 2009, at Yelasandra in the Kolar district. This early commitment to solar power demonstrated the state’s vision and dedication to embracing cleaner energy alternatives.
Solar Radiation Patterns
The solar radiation received by Karnataka varies throughout the year. During the summer, the state benefits from solar radiation in the range of 5.1 to 6.4 kWh/sq m/day, highlighting its potential to tap into the sun’s energy during peak demand periods. Even during the monsoon and winter months, the solar radiation remains substantial, ranging from 3.5 to 5.3 kWh/sq m/day and 3.8 to 5.9 kWh/sq m/day, respectively.
Potential Solar Districts
Karnataka’s solar potential isn’t limited to a few pockets; it spans across several districts, including Kolar, Chitradurga, Davanagere, Bellary, Koppal, Haveri, Gadag, Vijayapura, Bagalkot, Kalaburagi, Raichur, Tumakuru, Hassan, Ramanagara, and Belagavi.
Karnataka RE Policy 2022-27
The Karnataka government is highly focused on increasing renewable energy production. They have introduced an ambitious policy to show their dedication to this goal.
In March 2022, the state government officially accepted the Karnataka Renewable Energy Policy for the years 2022 to 2027. This policy sets a specific goal for solar energy: to reach 1000MW of rooftop solar projects that are connected to the grid by the year 2027.
The state government is working on creating three large solar power projects, each capable of producing 2,500 MW of energy. These projects will be located in the districts of Bidar, Koppal, and Gadag.
State/UT-wise Breakdown of Solar Power Capacity
The State/UT-wise distribution of the cumulative solar capacity provides insights into the progress and potential in each region as on 30.06.2023:
|Sr. No.||State/UT||Cumulative Solar Capacity till|
|1||Andaman & Nicobar||29.91|
|8||Dadra & Nagar Haveli||5.46|
|9||Daman & Diu||41.01|
|15||Jammu & Kashmir||53.29|
|38||Others including NABARD||45.01|
Here are the State/UT wise details of solar energy generation in the country for the year 2022-23:
|Sr. No.||State/UT||SOLAR POWER GENERATED IN 2022-23 (MU)|
|1||Andaman & Nicobar||23.94|
|8||Dadra & Nagar Haveli||27.40|
|9||Daman & Diu|
|33||Others including NABARD||–|